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圭亚那趁需求减弱前大力开发碳氢化合物资源

2021-11-01 来源: 中国石化新闻网
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  中国石化新闻网讯 据《石油世界期刊》 10月28日乔治城报道,圭亚那将参加下周在格拉斯哥举行的第26届联合国气候变化框架公约(COP26)气候会议,并承诺在致力于可持续发展的同时“尽快”开发其碳氢化合物资源。

  这个南美国家表示,在美国和沙特阿拉伯等国继续开发其化石燃料资源时,其不会“袖手旁观”。

  副总裁巴拉特·贾格迪奥(Bharrat Jagdeo)表示,我们不能关闭这个行业。否则我们会搬起石头砸自己的脚。石油和天然气对我们的未来至关重要,圭亚那需要来自石油和天然气的资金来帮助我们脱碳。

  贾格迪奥称,圭亚那等发展中国家并不是造成当前温室气体浓度上升的因素,他们最近才开始开发化石燃料,但他们被告知应该把重点放在可持续发展上。我们不知道我们将以多快的速度到达一个脱碳的世界,但我们必须利用这一时期,因为仍有需求从地下开采尽可能多的资源。这就是我们支持该行业快速发展的原因。圭亚那可以在倡导零碳经济的同时成为石油生产国。

  埃克森美孚于2019年12月开始在Stabroek深水区块生产,并正在进行积极的勘探活动。

  目前的原油产量为12万桶/天,预计到2026年,四个项目的原油产量将逾80万桶/天。

  圭亚那总统伊尔法恩·阿里表示,圭亚那在大力开发碳氢化合物资源方面具有天然优势,能够履行其应对气候变化的承诺。圭亚那是一个净碳汇集之地,我国80%以上的面积——相当于英格兰的面积——被森林覆盖,这些森林能够产生氧气、捕获和储存碳——这些常备森林提供了关键的环境和生物多样性服务。

  圭亚那更新了2016年制定的最初目标,即到2025年全部使用可再生能源发电。Jagdeo表示,这是不可能实现的,政府的目标是通过天然气、水电和太阳能项目的发展,到2027年减排70%。

  郝芬 译自 《石油世界期刊》

  原文如下:

  Guyana rushing to pump oil before demand wanes

  Guyana is heading into next week's COP26 climate talks in Glasgow with a vow to exploit its hydrocarbon resources "as quickly as possible" while committing to sustainable development.

  The South American country says it will not "sit on its hands" while countries such as the US and Saudi Arabia are going ahead with the development of their fossil fuel resources.

  "We cannot shut down the industry," vice president Bharrat Jagdeo said. "We would be shooting ourselves in the foot. Oil and gas are vital to our future and Guyana needs the money from oil and gas to help us decarbonize."

  Developing countries such as Guyana are not contributors to the current concentration of greenhouse gases, and have only recently started developing fossil fuels, but are being told they should instead focus on sustainable development, Jagdeo said.

  "We do not know how swiftly we will get to a decarbonized world, but we have to make use of this period when there is still demand to get as much as possible out of the ground," he said. "That is why we support the rapid pace of the industry.

  "Guyana can be an oil producer while advocating for a zero-carbon economy," Jagdeo said.

  ExxonMobil started production from the deepwater Stabroek block in December 2019, and is undertaking an aggressive exploration campaign.

  Current crude output of 120,000 b/d is projected to reach over 800,000 b/d from four projects by 2026.

  In pressing ahead with exploiting its hydrocarbon resources, Guyana has a natural advantage in meeting its commitment to fighting climate change, president Irfaan Ali said.

  "Guyana is a net carbon-sink," he said. "More than 80pc of our country - that is the size of England - is covered by forests which generate oxygen and capture and store carbon – critical environmental and biodiversity services are provided with these standing forests."

  Guyana has updated its original target – formulated in 2016 - to produce all power from renewable sources by 2025. This is impossible to meet and the government is instead targeting a 70pc cut in emissions by 2027 with the development of natural gas, hydro and solar projects, Jagdeo said.

 
 
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